To explore how social innovations in energy (SIEs) can shape, and are shaping, energy transitions, SONNET took on the task of analysing and compiling 18 in-depth Case Studies. These Case Studies span six countries and six ‘SIE-fields’, which we define as a specific SIE, as well as the actors working on that innovation, and the actors in the field that enable and/or impede their work.
This research entailed a SONNET team reviewing 298 documents, conducting 171 in-depth interviews, and taking on participant observation in 37 online events. Notes and transcripts were analysed, making use of deductive codes agreed upon by all researchers, to create 18 case study narratives, each with timelines of key events, quotations from interviewees, and recommendations for SIE actors, local governments, and for national and EU policy-makers.
SIE-fields examined, and which country was the focus of each SIE-field Case Study